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Aphthae - What helps with painful blisters in the mouth?

How are aphthae treated?

The treatment of aphthae can be based on many starting points. In general, a purely symptomatic therapy to stop the burning and relieve the pain can be performed.

For this purpose, painkillers ( analgesics ) such as paracetamol or ibuprofen are used. In addition, lidocaine-containing solutions for gargling, ointments or sprays can be used. The healing process of the mucosal blisters can be accelerated by the use of corrosive agents such as rhubarb root extract and / or silver nitrate.

This fact can be explained by the fact that the caustic agents accelerate the rejection of dead tissue fragments as part of the treatment of aphthae and thereby promote the formation of new mucous membrane.

In addition, the application of triamcinolone acetonide-containing ointments can promote wound healing and calming in non-infectious aphthae.

For the direct treatment of an aphid from home, home remedies such as

  • Tea tree oil
  • chamomile
  • Sage can be applied in the form of a conditioner.

In addition, the use of sodium lauryl sulfate-poor toothpaste should shorten the healing time of aphthae while preventing its re-emergence.

In addition to the usual home remedies, homeopathic remedies for the treatment of aphthae are often used.

Which medications help best?

There are many over-the-counter medicines on the market. Most importantly, they have an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. In the best case, they should also accelerate the healing process of the affected site on the mucosa. Often ointments help very well as they can be applied directly to the aphtha and thus act locally on the affected area. In addition, home remedies can also help alleviate the symptoms of aphthae.

In general, the treatment is often also dependent on the possible cause of the aphthae formation. However, as this is usually unknown, it helps to use most drugs with the effects described above. Furthermore, preventive measures should be taken, for example, in relation to the lifestyle or the diet, as this could be the cause of the aphthae.

Treatment with home remedies

Aphtas usually heal on their own, but they are very painful. In order to relieve the pain and accelerate the healing process home remedies can be used in addition to ointments or painkillers. These include chamomile extract and green tea. Furthermore, baking soda or tea tree oil can be gently applied to the affected area using a cotton swab. They have an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.

Since aphthae are also a symptom of vitamin deficiency, it can help to take vitamin C tablets. In this case, the aphthae can also be signs of a zinc deficiency. This can also be compensated via tablets or the food eg in the form of nuts, oatmeal, cheese.

Schüssler salts

The theory of the Schüssler salts states that the cause of the development of diseases lies in a disruption of the mineral balance and can be remedied by the administration of mineral salt preparations. The mostly in tablet form administered Schüssler salts should be allowed to slowly melt in the mouth on the tongue. For the treatment of mouth ulcers, Schüssler salt no. 12 'Calcium sulfuricum' D6 is recommended. The main task is the treatment and improvement of joint problems and osteoarthritis. Furthermore, it should also contain purulent processes.

Treatment with the help of homeopathy

Many sufferers like to resort to Homeopathic remedies to reduce the symptoms of the aphthae and accelerate the healing process. Homeopathy is based on the concept of similarity. That means treating something similar with something like that. Various homeopathic remedies are suitable for the treatment of the aphthae. Examples are here, for example Borax 5CH or 9CH. For this, however, an experienced homeopath should advise extensively to find the right homeopathic remedy. Everyone reacts differently to the different substances. In addition to the homeopathic treatment, there are special, available in the pharmacy mouthwashes that can be used. These have a calming effect and accelerate wound healing.

Treatment of genital aphthae

In addition to the oral and pharyngeal canals also rarely occur in the genital area. The reason for this is that aphthae form mainly in the area of ​​mucous membranes.
Also in the mental area, the aphthae cause unpleasant pain. The pain can be alleviated by ointments, tinctures, analgesics or sprays available in pharmacies. As a result, these treatments usually also have an anti-inflammatory effect and accelerate the healing process.

Patients often resort to home remedies that can relieve symptoms that occur. These include honey, baking soda, tea tree oil or camomile tincture. These home remedies can be gently applied to the affected areas of the genital area using a cotton swab.
If the aphthae multiply and repeatedly occur in the genital area, it is recommended to be tested for Behçet's disease. This is an inflammatory disease of the blood vessels, which manifests itself among other things in increased aphthae. Often, however, a weakened immune system is the trigger for the formation of aphthae. For this reason, immunostimulating agents can also be used to treat the aphthae.

Treatment of aphthae by the dentist

The treating dentist usually prescribes ointments, painkillers or sprays that can be used for pain relief and anti-inflammatory. Many drugs are also available without prescription. For the treatment of the painful aphthae, patients can optionally have them treated with the dentist. Usually, aphthae do not need to be treated, but only the pain they cause is alleviated.

The staining of the affected tissue by the dentist can accelerate the healing process of the aphthae. The dentist uses trichloroacetic acid or silver nitrate solution to etch the aphthae. The small combustion caused by the etching at the affected site has in most cases subsided after a few days. Another option is to have the aphtha lasered by the treating dentist.

Other treatment options

There is no direct therapy against the formation of aphthae. If aphthae have occurred, then various painkillers, ointments, creams or sprays can be used. In addition to these conventional treatment options, there are other agents that have hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving and dehydrating effect on the mucosa. These include rhubarb extract, myrrh tincture or silver nitrate.

In addition to various home remedies, there are still various medicinal plants, as well as essential oils for the treatment of the aphthae. Supportive to any therapy can gargle several times a day with salt water or special mouth rinses can be used. In general, however, it is important that one can not treat the aphthae directly because of their unexplained cause. However, one can try to reduce the development by minimizing risk factors.

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