Especially in the first weeks of pregnancy, so in the early pregnancy, just morning sickness is well known.
The expression can, however, be very different:
While some women only report occasional morning sickness and infrequent vomiting, others complain of severe nausea and frequent vomiting.
Already after about three months or twelve weeks of pregnancy, these symptoms lessen in most women. While the actual cause of the nausea is still unclear, some authors attribute nausea in pregnancy to hormonal changes and blood sugar imbalances. Also stress and overload as well as psychosocial factors like an unwanted pregnancy, a disturbed mother relation etc. in the pregnancy are discussed as possible causes. Risk factors such as younger age, first pregnancy and obesity (in the lay language, excessive body weight, obesity) appear to be involved in the development of nausea (feeling sick) in pregnancy.
For nausea and vomiting during pregnancy it is important to be psychologically supportive and to give the woman the certainty that her symptoms are benign and of limited duration. To dispense with the use of antiemetics, simple dietary measures are often sufficient.
If medications are required, the Swiss Medical Forum (2001) recommends antihistamines - especially doxylamine, possibly combined with pyridoxine, ie Viamin B6 - and phenothiazines. Here, fetal safety is best granted. In any case, the use of medicines for vomiting and nausea should not be done without consultation with the doctor, including over-the-counter medicines. Ginger also seems to have some effectiveness against this form of nausea. Some antiemetics are also used. As a self-help with nausea in pregnancy, there are some tips for self-help.
Since the blood sugar level in the morning is particularly low and the circulatory problems are most pronounced, it makes sense to still eat in bed a dry bread, crackers or dried fruit. Lightly sugared peppermint tea has a calming effect on the stomach and raises the blood sugar level again. Ginger tea can also help with morning sickness during pregnancy. Also, the effects of other herbal teas such as lemon balm, raspberry leaf tea, chamomile or hops confirm those affected by nausea in pregnancy.
A lot of liquid, clear water, cold drinks without caffeine, tea or vegetable broth are good for nausea in pregnancy as needed and tolerated. Also water-containing fruits such as melon or grapes, fruit ice, ice cubes or lemon contain a lot of liquid. Important is the avoidance of fatty food and spicy foods. The stomach is less burdened by light foods, fruits, vegetables and raw food. In addition, these foods are part of a balanced, vitamin-rich diet.