Sweat production is a physiological process in the human body.
Sweat is produced in the sweat glands, which are located in the skin and excrete sweat through pores onto the surface of the skin.
This process is used to regulate body temperature and the water and electrolyte balance. The evaporation of the liquid will lower the temperature. This is very important in situations where the body temperature rises.
In sport, for example, there is a rise in temperature due to the increased energy production and consumption, which is partly offset by the sweat production. In a warm environment, the same regulatory mechanism plays an important role in protecting the body from overheating.
The production of sweat is regulated by the so-called vegetative nervous system. That is the reason for the increased sweat production when excited. However, "excessive sweating" is only spoken of when this leads to stress for the person concerned.
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Excessive sweating throughout the body can have many causes that should be further clarified.
Hormonal diseases such as diabetes mellitus, the overactive thyroid gland, but also side effects of medication, as well as obesity, infections and even tumors can lead to increased sweat production.
You might also be interested in this topic: Frey Syndrome- The gustatory sweating
Most people who seek medical advice about this, however, experience excessive sweating in specific localized areas.
Most often these are Hands, feet and armpits.
The reason for this is assumed to be an increased function of the "sympathetic", as part of the vegetative nervous system. A "misaligned target value" of sweat production in the brain may play a role here. In addition, genetic inheritance is discussed as a cause.
A psychological component must not be excluded in any of these cases. However, this must be separated from the consequences of the disease when the diagnosis was made, as the patients often suffer massive psychologically.
The main symptom that is mentioned at the doctor's presentation is social isolationin which the affected people slowly deteriorate.
The main problem is the fact that the handshake because of the damp hand feels uncomfortable and therefore patients avoid it.
Especially in a job that requires a lot of human contact, this can cause additional psychological stress.
In Stressful situations there is often a vicious circle: the patients are excited because they fear excessive sweating and therefore sweat more.
Most of those affected have suffered from it since puberty, increasingly avoid social contacts and seek help from their family doctor and, in recent years, on the Internet.