Stroke is a major event in life. Certain symptoms such as paralysis or speech disorders are very scary. Some strokes are bad, others are mild. First of all, the patients and the relatives want to survive the first phase and get rid of the severe symptoms. This process usually takes a longer period of time. Some patients may go to rehab in less time, while others may need intensive care. Patients and family members often wonder if the symptoms that they have suffered disappear completely. Another important question is: how does this stroke affect my life expectancy? More specifically, how is the life expectancy right after a stroke, and what is the long-term life expectancy once you have survived the stroke well?
The life expectancy after a stroke depends on:
Course and severity of stroke,
the general condition of the patient
and the age of the patient.
A poor general condition with already many illnesses and a high age go hand in hand with a worse life expectancy than a good general condition without illnesses and a young age. During inpatient treatment, patients are closely monitored. to be able to detect possible deteriorations of the condition as quickly as possible and then to react accordingly. If complications occur, such as a new stroke, a hemorrhage into the stroke-affected brain area, a heart attack or dysphagia when swallowing drinks or food, this can have a negative effect on the life expectancy in the early phase.
In the long run, the pre-existing conditions of the patient play an important role. The causative disease for stroke should be identified if possible and then treated to prevent further stroke. Diseases such as high blood pressure or heart disease, calcification of the vessels (atherosclerosis) and strokes that have occurred in the past, existing overweight or existing diabetes (diabetes) are important diseases in relation to stroke. But other diseases that worsen the general condition, have a negative effect on life expectancy. In addition, smoking is also a factor that plays an important role in this context. To sum up, correct treatment of existing diseases, especially of the cardiovascular system and blood sugar, are important factors when it comes to the life expectancy after a stroke.
In general, a stroke has a rather negative impact on life expectancy, but as described it depends on various accompanying factors.
It is important to find out the cause of the stroke so that you can prevent further strokes. This usually happens in the hospital. Possible causes of a stroke can be eg atherosclerosis or heart disease.
An influence on the course and the life expectancy has the change of the lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle involves a strict renunciation of nicotine. It is extremely important to stop smoking after a stroke (ideally before). A healthy diet also plays a crucial role. Avoid unhealthy foods such as cream, fries, greasy meats and sugary drinks and food. A healthy diet includes plenty of vegetables and fruits, fish and lean meats and whole grains. This diet is often referred to as a Mediterranean diet. Finally, pay attention to sports activities. The intensity and duration of the sport should be taken into account the age and physical condition and age of the patient. Generally, the recommendation is to drive at least 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes of endurance sports. But that is only the minimum recommendation, you can also do more sports, if you are physically in shape. But it is also recommended to bring in everyday life a lot of movement, such as shorter distances to go on foot or ride a bike or even leave the elevator and take the stairs.
Important for the course is the early detection of a stroke so that you come as soon as possible in a neurological clinic that can treat the stroke. This is an important factor also for the later course. It is always said: Time is brain!
It is unfavorable to disregard the therapy recommendations of the doctor. If you find a cause search for an explanation for the stroke you can treat, such as heart disease or arteriosclerosis, you should take the recommended medication. This is important to prevent a new stroke.
As mentioned in the previous section, lifestyle factors are an important aspect of life expectancy. Continued nicotine consumption, lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet have a negative effect on life expectancy.
Unfavorable effects on the course can have a late detection of the stroke. As mentioned in the section above, the rule is: Time is Brain.
In dogs, the extent of stroke and the general condition of the dog play a role in life expectancy, similar to that of humans. A very serious stroke thus has a worse life expectancy than a mild stroke. In addition, a dog with many existing pre-existing conditions has a worse life expectancy than a dog in a good general condition without many pre-existing conditions.