Medical: gestation or pregnancy, birth
Latin: gravitas - "the heaviness"
Birth planning acupuncture is performed by a gynecologist or midwife 1-2 times a week from the 36th week of pregnancy. Both of them must have completed a corresponding training with a final exam. In total, at least three treatments should be performed, usually four. If the appointment is over, even more sessions are possible.
The pregnant women lie during the acupuncture in a quiet room for 20 to 30 minutes and relax significantly. First and foremost, acupuncture points are applied to the legs and arms. The location of the acupuncture points is precisely defined. For birth preparation (birth), 4 points are treated on each side of the body:
In addition, a head point can be punctured for birth preparation, which generally has a calming effect and helps with anxiety symptoms. The midwife or gynecologist will continue to grope in the appropriate area until the patient signals her a pressure-sensitive point. The needle (acupuncture needles) is brought in a first step quickly and without rotating movement in about 0.5 cm depth. Since the standard needle is only 0.3 mm thick, the puncture is usually painless. The needles are made of flexible steel that flexes but does not break. Thereafter, the needle is advanced under a rapid rotational motion until the release of the so-called "de-Qi feeling". This can be a feeling like heat, numbness, pressure, heaviness, tingling or even a tiny, painless electric shock . But that varies from patient to patient. The stitch depth depends on the position of the points and can vary between 5mm and several centimeters. After the presentation of traditional Chinese medicine, the birth is characterized by a strong polarity. On the one hand, between very strong yolk yang forces, which exert an intense activity during contractions, and on the other hand, between the structural yin forces of the birth canal, which are not yet sufficiently opened. This polarity between strong active yang and holding yin creates a temporary stasis of qi and blood, both of which are abundant in the absence of the rule, and this leads to the prevailing labor pains. Pre-Nursing Acupuncture helps cervix ripening and harmonizes the holding yin powers by promoting Qi flow 4 weeks before birth. A more targeted labor in the opening phase, ie in the time to complete opening of the cervix, is the result.
Clinical research confirms the effectiveness of acupuncture in birth preparation and relief in numerous studies. The most well-known study by the University Hospital Mannheim showed that 4-8 acupuncture treatments during the last four weeks of pregnancy have made a significant improvement in the birth possible. In 300 acupunctured first-time mothers the duration of birth was reduced by 20% from 10 to 8 hours. A control group of 224 women without therapy had a duration of birth of 10 hours. Clinical findings showed a significantly better uterine maturity in acupuncture-treated pregnant women. However, the birth-shortening effect of acupuncture is only triggered when the woman's body is naturally mature to birth. The treatment therefore has no influence on the date of birth and does not lead to premature labor.
Other studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of acupuncture for pain relief, birth relief, and postnatal relaxation. It is used in the first major complaints; usually with a cervical opening of 4-5 cm. The acupuncture points for pain relief are located in the area of the lower abdomen or the back of the woman. In addition, it is used for problems with the separation of the placenta (so-called mother cake ) after the birth of the child.
It is now considered certain that acupuncture has no pregnancy endangering effect.