The eyebrows are a hairy area above the eyes. One understands under a eyebrow failure, that above average number of hairs are lost on the eyebrows. This leads to a strong thinning of the eyebrows. It can in some cases come to a complete failure of this. An eyebrow failure can be genetic. But it can also occur in the context of different life situations and different diseases. The incidence of eyebrow failure is controversial. Whether eyebrow failure occurs rarely or frequently remains unclear.
Eyebrow failure can have multiple causes. Most causes are usually hereditary or hormonal reasons.
According to some authors, about half of all women with thyroid disease are affected by hair loss, including eyebrow hair loss. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can trigger this failure in equal measure.
In hyperthyroidism hair growth is accelerated by the increased thyroid hormones. Due to this faster growth, they are also faster.
In hypothyroidism, eyebrow hair growth is impaired by a lack of thyroid hormones. Consequently, this can also lead to hair loss. Also, a drug treatment of thyroid disorder can cause eyebrow hair loss in some cases. But usually the previous disturbance leaves the hair of the eyebrows failing for a while. It takes some time before the metabolism situation has re-regulated.
Since the so-called Hashimoto Thyroiditis is a thyroid inflammation, which affects the body's defense system, it comes to permanent inflammation of the thyroid gland. As part of that, even the eyebrows can fail. Characteristic is that it comes first to a hyperthyroidism and finally to a hypothyroidism and thus to a lack of thyroid hormones. Since thyroid hormones also control hair growth, it can affect the eyebrows. If a Hasimoto thyroiditis is suspected, a medical examination is recommended.
In menopause, the so-called menopause, there are changes in hormone concentrations. It decreases the content of the hormone estrogen. Since this also plays a role in hair growth, it is believed that a decreasing estrogen concentration can cause eyebrow failure. Also in the menopause, the concentration of so-called progesterone decreases, which may additionally favor eyebrow hair loss. Because the hormone level is permanently altered, a well considered hormone therapy may be advisable as needed. This treatment can be carried out by certain hormone preparations or by using hormone implants or so-called phytohormones, ie herbal hormone preparations.
Those affected can usually observe themselves when the eyebrow hairs fail and become thinner. The doctor will first ask the affected person specifically. He looks at the eyebrows, the surrounding skin, as well as the hair and the nails. Often the eyebrow failure pattern already indicates possible causes. In addition, a plucking test, that is, testing whether the eyebrow hairs are easy to pick up with your fingers, can provide indications of a possible diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, the doctor can perform a blood and hair analysis and possibly a scalp biopsy. A blood test can provide information on the content of various vitamins and nutrients, as well as on the presence of certain so-called autoimmune antibodies and on general inflammation. Thus, metabolic diseases or dysfunction of the thyroid can be excluded. The hair analysis can be done microscopically. In a scalp biopsy, a tissue sample of the scalp is taken under local anesthesia.
In addition to the eyebrow hair loss, other body hairs can fail at the same time. If the lashes fail, one speaks in the jargon of a so-called madarosis . Depending on the underlying cause, further side effects may occur. The skin may be warmer / colder, drier / wetter than usual. Excessive sweating may occur. It can also lead to redness and itching. Furthermore, dandruff can develop on and under the eyebrow hair and / or the skin itself can become flaky. If eyebrow failure persists, it can also lead to a lack of self-esteem or even depression.
Due to hormonal and / or hereditary reasons, as well as due to incompatibilities, for example of cosmetics or hair shampoos, scales can also develop below the eyebrow hairs. Often, dry skin affects dandruff, which occurs in conjunction with or promotes brow loss. Also, for example, certain drugs may have a dehydrating effect and cause dry skin as an undesirable side effect.
Depending on the cause, the duration of the eyebrow loss can be very different. Eyebrow hair loss caused by stress or intolerances and allergies is usually temporary. Provided those affected eliminate or avoid the causes. Further, for example, eyebrow hair loss may occur in babies 8 weeks after birth and last about 6 months. It can also come during breastfeeding to a eyebrow failure, which usually ends in weaning. The duration is therefore limited in these cases.
It is different in the menopause, in which the hormone levels are permanently changed and this can permanently lead to eyebrow hair loss without treatment. The duration of childhood circular hair loss can recede spontaneously within 6 months. However, the complaints can be repeated several times, permanently recurrently in batches. If there is a thyroid disorder, this can lead to eyebrow failure permanently untreated. With adequate treatment, the hair loss of the eyebrows takes as long as a balanced metabolism has set.
Not every eyebrow loss needs to be treated by a doctor. Losing a few eyebrow hairs is basically not that bad and, to some extent, normal. However, should the eyebrow failure persist for a long time, side effects occur and may even show bald spots on the eyebrows, this should be observed.
For example, one's own diet should be questioned and adjusted if necessary. A well-balanced diet with enough vitamins and minerals can correct a brow loss caused by deficiency symptoms.
Cosmetics and shampoos on which eyebrows are sensitive should be located and avoided. For very dry skin, some sesame or almond oil may in some cases help the skin and thus eyebrow growth. The treatment of eyebrow failure is causally dependent. If it is not possible to find and eliminate the cause yourself, a doctor's visit is advisable. Depending on the cause, certain measures and medications, possibly a homeopathic treatment may be helpful and helpful. It is not recommended to buy expensive products that promise relief, but may cause more harm than cure.
In case of eyebrow failure, some sufferers feel that homeopathic treatment is supportive. The treatment should be supervised by a specialist. It does not replace conventional medical treatment. Depending on the symptoms, different substances can be used.
If poisoning has caused a brow loss Thallium can be used.
If skin changes, in the sense of wet and red skin, as well as itching pain, accompany the eyebrow loss, Sulfur is recommended.
If women are women with eyebrow failure, taking Alumina may be helpful.
In case of hair loss of the eyebrows in combination with dandruff and itching, sodium chloratum may be advisable in some cases.
If there is a burning pain instead of the itching, Arsenicum album is recommended.
The selection of homeopathic remedies should not only be based on physical ailments, but also include, for example, factors that aggravate or improve the symptoms. In general, the above substances are used in the potencies of D6 to D12. Mostly 5 globules are recommended 3 times a day or 5-20 drops 3 times a day or one tablet a day
The special hair loss in men, which may also affect the eyebrow hair, according to the latest research is not due to the hormone testosterone. The University Medical Center Greifswald reported mid-April 2017 on studies that prove this. In 373 male participants no correlation between the so-called sex hormones testosterone orrostenedione and hair loss was found. The cause of hair loss in men is still unclear. Links to a derivative of testosterone, the hormone dihydrotesterone, are discussed. In addition, the dysregulation of the so-called tissue hormone prostaglandin D2 could trigger eyebrow hair loss in men. But this is still controversial and intensively researched.
In addition to the common causes of eyebrow failure, hormonal changes in the female body can promote failure and affect the course of treatment. This can be caused by certain situations, such as the menstrual phase, during pregnancy or menopause. But even stopping the contraceptive pill, can greatly alter the hormonal conditions and cause a short-term eyebrow failure. The hormone estrogen affects the hair growth of the female body. Sudden changes and fluctuations in the estrogen concentration in a woman can lead to an acute eyebrow loss.
An eyebrow hair loss is usually rare in pregnancy itself. The so-called steroid hormone progesterone promotes a hair growth both in quantity, as well as in quality. Just before menstruation and during pregnancy, this hormone is found in increased concentration in the female body. Also increases the estrogen concentration, which also contributes to improved hair growth. Dropping these two hormones after delivery can cause eyebrow hair loss. This is also called postpartum effluvium.
As part of the child's "circular hair loss, " the so-called alopecia areata it can cause eyebrow hair loss. As a concomitant, reduced growth of the nails and swelling of the lymph nodes can occur. It is often observed a simultaneous occurrence of eczema, hay fever, allergic bronchial asthma or autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland. The exact causes of childhood circular hair loss are not yet known and will continue to be researched. The diagnosis must be secured before drug therapy is recommended. The treatment is very individual and requires the attention and support of the parents and the social environment.