Sunburn is a skin damage caused by the sun's rays. Especially in summer, when the sun shows its full strength, you quickly get a sunburn, if you ignore the important rules of sun protection.
A sunburn can be easily prevented with a few measures. Most important is the avoidance of too frequent and above all to intensive sunning. For example, it is much harder to get sunburned in the shade than in the sun.
Clothes also have a protective effect, as the harmful sunlight through the fabric can not penetrate to the skin. In addition, a sunscreen should also be worn on the head, because the hair does not provide sole protection against the sun.
If you want to walk through the sun because of the heat rather lightly, you should cream yourself with sunscreen.
The strength of the sunscreen can be adjusted according to the length of stay. In addition, the risk of sunburn depends on the skin type. Anyone who has lighter skin should therefore choose a sunscreen with a higher sun protection factor than someone with darker skin.
To make the skin generally insensitive to the sun, a vitamin-rich diet is also helpful. Many of the vitamins (Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin C) are important for healthy skin.
The skin tries to protect itself with the formation of the dye melanin and a thickening of the horny layer from the UV rays, which, however, takes some time. Therefore, the skin should be slowly acclimated to the sun, the winter vacation in the tropics or even on a ski holiday, this means initially only a short time in the sun to stay and often in the shade.
The blazing midday sun from 12.00 to 15.00 o'clock is to be avoided as well as too long bathing, as the water reflects the UV radiation and thus it comes to an additional load of the skin.
Scientists also believe that frequent UV irradiation in early childhood, even without sunburn, can lead to black skin cancer, melanoma.
Preventing sunburns with tablets alone is difficult, but with vitamin tablets and dietary supplements you can strengthen the skin's resistance and reduce the risk of sunburn.
Ideally, the necessary vitamins are taken up in the form of foods such as fruits and vegetables, but you can also resort to vitamin supplements.
Especially protective for the skin are vitamins C, E and A.
Those who do not tolerate the mentioned foods well or can not, can take the necessary vitamins in the form of tablets. Many of the vitamin capsules also contain biotin (vitamin H), which can additionally protect the skin.
Likewise, vitamin D together with calcium is considered a good protection against sunburn.
However, it is important that these supplements are understood only as supplementary skin protection. They do not provide a substitute for sunscreen, sun-resistant clothing and regular stay in the shade.
Carotene is, as the name implies, especially in carrots. But other red or orange vegetables and fruits (eg peppers, apricots) contains a lot of carotene.
This nutrient component is broken down by the body into vitamin A. In addition to the well-known positive effect of vitamin A on the eyes, the carotene also acts on the skin and mucous membranes.
Vitamin A promotes the build-up of the skin, which generally has a protective effect on the skin.
Calcium is an important mineral that the body absorbs mainly from milk and dairy products such as yoghurt and cheese.
Many plants also contain calcium (spinach, cabbage, etc.).
Calcium is not only an important component for bone formation, but the mineral also plays an important role in the formation of vitamin D by solar radiation.
The calcium also forms a kind of protective film on the skin, thus preventing a certain degree of sunburn.
If you take in too little calcium through your diet, you can also use tablets or calcium capsules, but you should not exceed the daily maximum amount (to be found in the package leaflet).
Vitamin D plays an important role in the context of solar radiation. First and foremost, however, the sun is important so that vitamin D is formed at all.
By eating only about 10-20% of the required vitamin can be absorbed.
The remaining amount of vitamin D must be formed on the skin. For this a sufficient sun exposure must be present. Most of the time in summer the body forms a large excess of vitamin D in high sunshine.
In winter, however, most people in our latitudes suffer from a pronounced vitamin D deficiency.
As part of the energy of solar radiation is absorbed in the vitamin D formation, less solar energy reaches the skin, therefore, this formation of vitamin D counteracts the development of sunburn.
The solarium is on the subject of preventing sunburn a double-edged sword.
In the solarium, a technology is used that simulates the sun's rays in a mitigated form.
So you can already tan in winter and get used to the skin to a certain extent to the sun's energy.
The visit to the solarium stimulates the body to produce the brown skin pigment melatonin. This leads to a tanning of the skin, but at the same time also forms a certain protection against the sun.
So if you are already tanned, you do not have to worry about sunburn at the first stronger sunshine in the spring than many others.
Often, however, staying in a tanning salon is more damaging to the skin, as it is exposed to a constant, sun-inspired energy. For example, the risk of skin cancer tends to increase with regular visits to the solarium.
If intensive sunbathing is indispensable, it is important to use a sunscreen with a sufficient sun protection factor adapted to your skin type. The sun protection factor is the factor by which the self-protection time of the skin is extended. With a self-protection time of, for example, 10 minutes, this is extended by applying a sunscreen cream with SPF 5 times, so you can spend 50 instead of 10 minutes in the sun, without having to expect a sunburn. The own skin type and thus the approximate self-protection time of the skin can be easily determined from the table.
The sunscreen cream should be applied abundantly already half an hour before sunbathing, the particles and minerals contained are all the better, the more of these are present on the skin. Also, the cream should be repeated after some time, as well as waterproof cream by friction and sweating of the skin. Repeated application does not increase the time you can spend in the sun, but a long sun protection factor requires a high sun protection factor. When buying the sunscreen you should also make sure that a UVB and UVA filters are included to prevent premature aging.
Incidentally, sunscreen with a high sun protection factor also makes it possible to turn brown, since the sunscreen is still sufficiently UV-permeable to stimulate the formation of melanin in the skin, which ultimately ensures the tan.
The classic homeopathic remedies are mainly used in the treatment of an existing sunburn, however, homeopathy is also important in the prevention of sunburn.
In particular, agents which promote the absorption of vitamins A, E and C can indirectly also provide protection against sunburn by improving the skin.
Instead of the classic suntan cream, it is also possible to resort to homeopathic creams that are in part more skin-compatible. It is also important in the first place, how big is the sun protection factor of each cream.