If no circumcision has taken place and the penis is not in a erectile state, the glans is covered by the penis's foreskin. As a rule, the penile foreskin retreats during erection. In these moments, the glans is partially or completely visible and can temporarily turn slightly bluish due to the underlying mechanisms.
This color change can vary very much. Also, the basic color of the glans can look very different in men. If the natural color of the glans is permanently in some places or completely blue, without recognizable damage, illness or discomfort, then this color has no meaning in the sense of a disease value.
But it may also be that the glans blue discolored due to injury or interference. In these cases, a medical examination and, if necessary, appropriate treatment is required to avoid possible irreversible consequential damage.
The causes of a blue glans can be manifold. In some men, the blue color of the glans represents the natural color. This may be due to various physiological, individual and anatomical conditions, without any illness or problem being present.
In addition, the glans in an erection can temporarily turn blue. Again, this has no disease value and the color normalizes itself after a short time. This is related to the congestion that happens during erection.
Due to injuries, the glans may turn blue in the manner of a hematoma. In this case, a doctor should be consulted. This may be a hematoma without further damage or there may be an unexplained penile fracture. A penile fracture is not a fracture in the usual sense, but a tear in a part of the erectile tissue. Accidents of various kinds can cause this. Moreover, a foreskin narrowing can cause the acorn to turn blue.
For religious, medical or other personal reasons circumcision of the penile foreskin is sometimes done. Depending on the type of surgical procedure and how the body reacts to the injury, the glans may subsequently turn blue. This can - but does not have to - cause problems. If discoloration occurs, it should definitely be clarified by a doctor.
A blue coloration of the glans can not be the sole indication and reason of a venereal disease. If there are other indications of a sexually transmitted disease, this must be clarified by a doctor. In addition, the partner must inevitably be informed and, if necessary, examined and treated.
If the glans are naturally blue, not disease-related, there are usually no concomitant symptoms. If the glans is discolored blue due to injuries, disorders or illnesses, reversible and irreversible side effects and damage may occur. There may be mild to severe pain while at rest or during intercourse. In addition, reversible and irreversible erectile dysfunction can occur.
If the glans is discolored blue as a result of illness or injury, pain of various degrees may occur. Since there are many nerves in the area of the glans, it is very sensitive and sensitive to pain. Due to violence, harmful external influences or internal processes, different mechanisms can be triggered at the cellular level. Pain arises.
Here one differentiates acute from chronic pain in the acorn. In the case of an acute pain, the pain has a protective function and draws attention to the fact that the glans or certain structures in it have to be spared and possibly treated. The acute pain in the glans is related to a trigger and correlates with it. That is, if the injury of the glans is strong, the pain is strong too.
In chronic pain in the glans, the pain is independent of the trigger and also do not correlate with this. In order to adequately alleviate both acute and chronic pain, a medical examination is required.
The glans may be more or less blue at the edge of the natural color. But it is also possible that by injury, accidents and manipulation, the glans only blue discolored at the edge. This can happen, for example, through inappropriately strong masturbation. In these cases, a visit to the doctor should be made to avoid irreversible consequential damage
In children and toddlers, the glans is usually purple-blue. The natural color may vary. The decisive factor is whether the color of the glans is always so or has changed by an event, an injury, a disorder or disease. In addition, it is essential if the children complain of other complaints such as pain. Toddlers who have pain as a result but can not yet express themselves verbally express their discomfort through their behavior. That is, they increasingly scream, retreat or react irritably and aggressively.
In some cases there may be a foreskin narrowing that needs to be treated early. If it is observed that the glans is discolored in a child or toddler, a pediatrician should be contacted immediately.
If there is no pathological cause and no risk of consequential damage, no action is required. However, if the discoloration of the glans is associated with disease-related changes, the cause must be adequately treated.
Self-treatment is not recommended and may result in irreversible damage. Therefore, a visit to a doctor is always necessary in such a case. In some cases, emergency medical treatment must be given directly.
Often, the visit to the doctor from feelings of shame is avoided and the clinical picture worsens. Therefore, it is important to overcome the feelings of shame and to contact a doctor. It is essential to clarify this as honestly and accurately as possible about events that may be related to the complaints. The person concerned should remember that the doctor has a confidentiality obligation. He also has the goal to relieve discomfort and to cure diseases - regardless of what body area is concerned and for what reasons the injuries or illnesses have arisen.
The treatment may contain various drug and non-drug building blocks and depends on the cause. This can often involve minor or major surgery. For example, a causal foreskin constriction is surgically intervened.
The duration and prognosis depend on the cause. In a natural, non-disease-related blue coloration of the glans, the natural color persists and there is usually no reason to worry. If the glans is blue due to disease-related disorders, duration and prognosis vary.
In smaller, uncomplicated, acute and adequately treated blueness of the glans the symptoms can heal without consequences after a few days or weeks. In these cases, there is a good prognosis.
In the event of major, complicated, inadequate or untreated acorn lesions or acne lesions or unfavorable conditions, the healing process may take months and may be associated with irreversible damage.