What is a chronic cold?

Everyone knows a common cold. Normally, it heals within a few days. Sometimes, however, a cold can last for a longer period of time. The danger exists especially if a cold has not been cured properly.

In a chronic cold, the typical symptoms of a cold either over a period of several weeks at a time or it comes within a very short time after an infection to recurrent disease episodes.

causes

A chronic cold can occur especially if an infection has not been completely cured. Sufficient protection is important so that the body can effectively fight the pathogens. Also, various remedies such as nasal douches, nasal sprays or inhalations can positively influence the course of the disease. As a rule, however, a cold also heals on its own. Under no circumstances should you delay a cold, so do not take a break despite the infection and spare yourself.

In addition to insufficient protection, there are a number of other possible causes of a chronic cold. Smoking irritates the respiratory tract. When combined with other factors and pathogens, it can cause a chronic slimy cough.

An allergy can mimic the symptoms of a cold and last for an extended period of time. In addition, it can also come to a combination of allergy and cold, which may disturb the healing. In addition to external factors, the activity of the immune system also plays a role in the development of a chronic cold. Weaknesses of the immune system can have many causes. They range from a vitamin deficiency to chronic stress to serious illnesses such as AIDS.

stress

Stress plays an important role in the development of chronic colds. On the one hand, stress often prevents one from taking the necessary time to completely cure an infection. So it is easy to "carry over" the cold. Due to the lack of protection, the body may not be able to fight an infection sufficiently, it will become chronic. Stress that lasts for a long time has an impact on sleep, the hormonal system, and a variety of other things such as diet or activity. All these things affect the immune system in its effectiveness. In addition, stress has a direct impact on the immune response.

allergy

An infection does not always have to be the cause of a chronic cold. An allergy can also cause typical cold symptoms such as a stuffy nose or watery eyes. The body actually recognizes harmless substances from the environment as dangerous and reacts accordingly. An allergy usually lasts as long as the body is exposed to these substances. Thus, allergies can last a very long time and be misunderstood as a chronic infection. The diagnosis of an allergy can usually be made by a simple skin test at the doctor. Also, cough is rather untypical of an allergy.

Symptoms of a chronic cold

Everyone knows the classic cold symptoms. The pathogens invade the body and get stuck. Shortly thereafter, it comes to the first symptoms, which also depend on where the pathogens have set. Frequently a cold starts with a scratch in the throat, a slight cough or a stuffy nose. Later, it comes to the remaining symptoms, such as feeling sick, sore throat, fever or cough more severe.

A chronic cold can be recognized especially in the duration of the disease. It can last for weeks or even months. The symptoms can be significantly weaker than with an acute cold. It can also lead to a "carry over" of the pathogens. The body does not have the time to kill all pathogens, so the cold can break out again and again. Even a series of short-lasting colds can therefore be regarded as a chronic cold.

therapy

A chronic cold should not be taken lightly as it can cause serious illnesses such as heart muscle inflammation.

Simple treatment is often sufficient for the treatment. It is important in the acute phase of a cold to be careful enough. Normally, the immune system cope with the pathogens. A sufficient amount of drinking can be supportive. Even if a cold has already become chronic, it is important to protect the body, so that it can effectively fight the pathogens. It also helps to ensure adequate hygiene. So you should use used handkerchiefs immediately in the trash and do not use multiple times.

Heat can improve the circulation of the mucous membranes and thus improve the disease defense. Especially cold feet should be avoided. By the diet one should be supplied with all the necessary nutrients and vitamins, otherwise the immune system is weakened. Especially with a chronic cold, a doctor's visit is strongly recommended. This is important not only for the treatment of a chronic cold, but also to determine causes of the disease.

homeopathy

Homeopathy is highly controversial in medicine for various reasons. The main reason for this is that until today no clear proof of their effectiveness could be made. Their mechanism of action can not be explained scientifically either. If you want to support his treatment by homeopathic remedies, so are a number of preparations from different manufacturers available. Since the substances contained in the normal case are highly diluted, no adverse effects are expected. Nevertheless, a self-treatment with homeopathic preparations does not replace the doctor's visit and sufficient protection.

duration

For a cold to be chronic, it has to last for several weeks. How long the disease lasts depends on several factors. A chronic cold can have clear reasons such as an immune deficiency. As long as such a cause persists, the chronic cold may also persist. Especially if a chronic cold is not treated and its causes are not found and controlled, the disease can last for a very long time.

forecast

The prognosis of a chronic cold also depends on its causes. Often, these are easily preventable things such as excessive stress, lack of sleep, lack of hygiene or a lack of important nutrients such as certain vitamins and trace elements. If these causes can be found and eliminated, a chronic cold should heal without consequences.

But even serious diseases such as AIDS or therapies that suppress the immune system, can be the cause of a chronic cold. In this case, the prognosis can be significantly worse. An accurate diagnosis of chronic cold is therefore important.

diagnosis

As a cold, one generally refers to an infection of the respiratory tract, especially the nasal mucosa and the neck are affected. The diagnosis is usually based on the typical symptoms. In a normal course, the cold symptoms disappear after one to two weeks. The diagnosis of a chronic cold can be made if the disease persists for a period of several weeks. Also possible is a recurring cold over a long period of time, which may be an indication of an immune deficiency.


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