The thyme

Use of thyme in medicine

Thyme is a spice plant that has also been used as a medicinal plant for several millennia and is found in the area of ​​southern Europe. The parts used for this purpose are essential oils and parts of the sprouts, which can be consumed with hot water, for example, as tea. Thymain is also used as an infusion or tincture.

The effect of thyme is particularly evident in colds due to an expectorant and thus promoting effect on the sputum. In addition, there is an anti-inflammatory and growth-inhibiting effect on bacteria, viruses and fungi. In part, an antidepressant effect is described. The taste of thyme is bitter and pungent.

The indication

The indications for the intake of thyme or of essential oils, which are obtained from thyme, are manifold and result from its mode of action. Generally, the symptoms of any cough can be tried to be diminished by the use of thyme. Whether the cough is dry, that is with difficult to dissolve mucus, or is moist, is usually a higher expectoration and thus a relief of the symptoms. A bacterial cause can also be better treated by the antibacterial effect. Thus, the therapy of inflammation of the throat or almonds is within the possible.

If the thyme is absorbed through the mouth into the digestive tract, it also unfolds its effect here. Due to the antibacterial and antifungal (effect against fungi) effect, symptoms of acute inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract may improve. For example, the duration and intensity of diarrhea is reduced.

Due to the anticonvulsant effect, abdominal pain is also an indication for the intake of Tyhmian. The sharpness of the thyme means that a general cold also serves as an indication for thyme. In addition, by applying to the skin locally, the blood circulation can be increased. This can be used in a variety of superficial injuries to speed healing. All in all, there are many indications for an application due to the many effects of thyme.

Thyme for respiratory diseases

Thyme shows a good effect on respiratory diseases. The antispasmodic action promotes relaxation of the respiratory and throat muscles, which generally improves the breathability. In addition, the mucus dissolves more easily, which improves breathing and reduces coughing permanently.

The anti-inflammatory effects also have a positive effect. As a result, the symptoms of any common cold, but also any bacterial inflammation and other chronic diseases can be treated in general.

Thyme oil for skin diseases

The effect of thyme oil in skin diseases is based on the antibacterial and antifungal (against fungi) effect. This makes it difficult for all, but especially the pathogenic germs or the pathogenic fungi to settle on the skin or multiply. Various simpler skin diseases such as acne or colonization with yeasts can thus be treated.

Just apply a tincture or oil of thyme repeatedly on the skin and let it work for some time. You can also take a bath containing essential oils of thyme. Even warts or badly healing wounds are so easy to care for.

The effect

The effect of thyme is triggered by various ingredients. In addition to essential oils, there are also flavanoids, tannic acids or bitter substances in the plant, each of which can develop its own effects. The oils have a positive effect on the mucus. Through it it dissolves and can be easily coughed off. This is an advantage, especially for stubborn, dry coughs.

Thymol in the thyme achieves its effect through interaction with the musculature in the throat. Thymol, when used, relaxes the muscles and widens the airways. Various other ingredients are responsible for its antibacterial and antifungal (against fungi) effect in which structures of bacteria or fungi are attacked.

Due to the mild heat of the thyroid, the blood circulation can also be stimulated. As with any harsh substance such as ointments, increased microcirculation results in heat build-up on the skin, promoting healing in minor injuries.

The side effect

However, in addition to positive effects, thyme can also produce some other unwanted effects. However, these are rare and usually occur only in special groups. However, if it comes to side effects, they can sometimes be severe and require medical attention. So it can come into the body after ingestion of an allergic reaction. Affected individuals, however, usually know in advance if they are allergic to thyme. Therefore, usually no serious symptoms occur here. In rare cases, however, it can lead to death.

Furthermore, thymine can lead to a tension in the musculature, which, for example, narrows the glottis to such an extent that there is a shortage of air. This is more common in children than in adults. These symptoms are rare. Long intake of thyme may also irritate the stomach.

Since it is not known whether thyme has a negative effect on the development of the child during pregnancy, you should therefore handle it carefully while doing so, and usually do without it. In case of doubt, one should also prophylactically stop the intake. In case of uncertainties, the responsible GP can be asked for advice. In addition, thyme can stimulate the uterine muscles, which can lead to preterm birth or miscarriage.

The interaction with other drugs

For the time being there are no known interactions between thyme and other medications. However, you should make sure that the intake of thyme should not be taken with the intake of drugs to relieve the coughing, as they have exactly the opposite effect and thus ineffective.

The application forms

The uses of thyme are very diverse and depend in part on the desired effect to be achieved. In addition to the essential oils, there are also ointments, tinctures, already mixed solutions or syrup. For example, the essential oils can be used with saline solution to inhale and thus act directly in the respiratory tract. They can also be added to the sauna for infusion.

Drowned in hot water you can enjoy a good thyme tea. Ointments are applied locally to the skin and develop the effect in the superficial layer. Tinctures or syrup can be packaged in capsules, swallowed and thus develop their effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the desired effect, you should therefore choose the application form specifically.

The thyme oil

Thyme oil, or even the essential oils of thyme, are obtained directly from the thyme through a multi-step process. Since only a small percentage of the thyme oil is contained in the thyme, a large amount of the plant is needed for the extraction. Thyme oil is very popular because it is very versatile and has a good effect in practice.

For example, the essential oils can be used with saline solution to inhale and thus act directly in the respiratory tract. They can also be added to the sauna for infusion.

The dosage

The dosage of thyme is very different and needs to be changed from person to person. The dose depends, inter alia, on the weight, the sex of the person to be treated and the form of application. In general, a heavier person needs a higher dose than a lighter one.

Since natural products sometimes do not have a constant amount of active ingredient in the preparations, care must also be taken here. Since all this is very complex, it is best to ask the attending physician or specialist.

The price

The price of medical products containing thyme varies in part very much. The price of these products depends, among other things, on how the active ingredient was processed and how and in what quantity it is available. The cheapest products are already available from about two euros. The most expensive products are in the range of about 30 euros, but are then available in a larger amount.

The alternatives to thyme

As an alternative to thyme, in contrast to natural products such as thyme preparations, conventional medicine with its medicines comes into consideration. However, some of these are not based on natural active ingredients and may show other mechanisms and side effects. When in doubt, every person should decide for themselves which type of therapy is right for them.


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