Orthopedics as a branch of medicine deals with diseases of the musculoskeletal system. It will diagnose and treat congenital disorders, diseases and injuries in this area. In addition to diagnosis and therapy, orthopedics also deals with the research, prevention and rehabilitation of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

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Below is an overview of our Orthopedic Diseases pages, with detailed information on diseases of the joints, bones, tendons, and ligaments that make up the musculoskeletal system.

Disorders of the shoulder

The shoulder joint is one of the best moving joints of our body. The good mobility allows us a variety of movements in everyday life or during sports. Often the free movement of the joint naturally involves the risk of dislocation (dislocation) or certain wear disorders.
Among the most frequent diseases of the shoulder are therefore:

  • calcific
  • impingement Syndrome
  • Rotatorenmanschettenriss
  • acromioclavicular blast
  • shoulder dislocation
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Bursitis in the shoulder
  • shoulder contusion

Diseases of the elbow joint

Through the elbow joint of the humeral head is connected to the ulna and spoke articulated. Overload The following is an overview of the most common diseases of the elbow:

  • tennis elbow
  • golfer's elbow
  • mouse arm
  • Bursitis on the elbow
  • Inflammation of the elbow
  • Elbow
  • Torn ligament on the elbow

Diseases of the wrist

Diseases of the wrist are usually caused by overuse of the joint. The most important diseases of the wrist include:

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • capsular tear
  • Inflammation of the wrist
  • Tear of the fingerstretch tendon
  • Sudeck's disease
  • Dupuytren's disease
  • Joint swelling on the finger
  • Sprain of the thumb

Diseases of the spine

There are a variety of diseases of the spine. These include, among other things, deformations that usually occur during growth. Below is an overview of the most common diseases of the spine:

  • disc prolapse
  • disc bulge
  • Cervicobrachialgie
  • facet syndrome
  • Cervical spine syndrome
  • Lumbar spine syndrome
  • lumbago
  • scoliosis
  • ISG - blockade
  • osteochondrosis
  • hunchback
  • hollow back
  • Degenerative spinal disorders

Diseases of the hip joint

The hip joint is the best secured joint in the body, which rarely causes dislocation. Causes of diseases of the hip are usually malpositions. Below you will find a list of the most common diseases of the hip joint:

  • hip dysplasia
  • Hüftimpingement
  • Inflammation of the hip
  • Leg length discrepancy
  • Pelvic Tilt
  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Bursitis of the hip
  • Hüftschnupfen
  • Bursitis trochanterica
  • Snapping hip

Diseases of the knee joint

The knee joint is often affected by sports injuries and degenerative diseases. The diseases and injuries of the knee joint in the overview:

  • Torn ACL
  • meniscus tear
  • runner's knee
  • Patellaspitzensyndrom
  • Patellasehnenriss
  • Outside ligament
  • Interior ligament
  • Kniescheibenluxation
  • Bruise of the knee joint
  • Kniegelenkserguss
  • Sprain of the knee joint
  • Baker cyst

Diseases of the ankle

In diseases of the ankle, one can distinguish congenital as well as a foot deformity but also acquired as torn ligaments. Below is an overview of the most common diseases of the ankle:

  • Achilles tendon injury
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Torn ligament on the foot
  • Ligament extension at the foot
  • Heel Spurs
  • foot deformities
  • Inflammation of the foot
  • Swollen toe

Diseases of the toes

Many of the toe diseases are caused by bad growth of the big toe, but there are also those that result from inflammatory processes or as a result of another disease. The most common toe diseases have been summarized for you:

  • hallux valgus
  • Hallux rigidus
  • claw toes
  • Swollen toe
  • Cramps in the toes

Interactive from orthopedics

Take our big quiz on the topic of muscles, tendons and joints.

Around the topic of arthrosis

Arthrosis is a degenerative joint that often causes pain. Here is a list of the different arthrosis according to the affected joint:

  • shoulder osteoarthritis
  • elbow osteoarthritis
  • wrist arthrosis
  • finger osteoarthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • knee osteoarthritis
  • ankle arthritis
  • Symptoms of osteoarthritis
  • Cause of an arthrosis
  • Therapy of an arthrosis

Diseases of the bones

In diseases of the bone, the mineral substance itself, the bone marrow or the periosteum can be affected. Below is an overview of the most common bone diseases:

  • bone bruise
  • Periostitis
  • bone pain
  • Inflammation in the bone
  • Knochenabsplitterung
  • fracture
  • Childish bone fracture
  • osteonecrosis

The bone fracture

There are many different types and locations of fractures. Here is an overview of the most important:

  • stress fracture
  • spoke breakage
  • Radial head fracture
  • Femoral neck fracture
  • vertebral fracture
  • Rippenbruch
  • wrist fracture
  • break of collarbone
  • broken foot

Orthopedic surgery

Severe injuries or chronic illnesses may require surgery. The most common orthopedic surgery can be found here:

  • Umstellungsosteometie
  • Operative complications
  • meniscus surgery
  • Operation of an anterior cruciate ligament tear
  • Surgery of a herniated disc
  • Operation of a knee prosthesis
  • Operation of a hip prosthesis
  • Operation of an Impingement Syndrome
  • Operation of a calculus shoulder
  • Operation of scoliosis
  • Operation of a hallux valgus

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