Even before birth, tooth development begins. From a rack, the teeth develop. First, the tooth crown is created and when fully developed, root growth begins. Even during embryonic development, the hard tooth substance is already formed. Therefore, even at this stage, the mother should absorb enough calcium, so that the need for calcium is not satisfied from the bone. For the healthy development of the child during pregnancy, it is necessary to have sufficient mother's intake of minerals and vitamins. This also benefits the teeth already in development.

Baby and toddler age

  • After birth, up to 6 months of age, the baby has no teeth and therefore milk is the only food that can take it. Breastmilk is the most natural and best care for the toddler since it contains all the necessary nutrients, as well as minerals and vitamins, and has the ideal temperature. But most importantly, breast milk is also used to deliver antibodies against infections that the baby still lacks. If no breast milk is available, the industry offers milk powder that is adapted to the ingredients of breast milk, but without antibodies. The correct shape of the nipple on the bottle thereby supports the formation of the jaw
  • From the 6th month, the first baby teeth break through, and the child now gets a Breinahrung and especially a supply of vitamin D, a vitamin that is essential for the development of bones and teeth. Vitamins A and Vitamin C also play an important role in the oral mucosa and gums and should be included in the diet. However, when taking vitamin D, care should be taken to choose the right dose to avoid overdosage. The correct care of the infant with the vitamins A, C and D should therefore be done by the pediatrician. The hardening of the enamel also depends on the supply of fluoride. The administration of fluoride tablets ensures the enrichment of fluoride on the bloodstream already during tooth development before the breakthrough into the oral cavity. The dosage of fluoride tablets depends on the age of the child. The following values ​​can serve as a guideline:
  1. 1 - 2 years 0.25 milligrams
  2. 2 - 4 years 0.50 milligrams
  3. 4 - 6 years 0.75 milligrams
  4. from 7 years 1.00 milligrams

If the dosage is too high, damage may occur to the teeth that have not yet broken. They show up in brownish discolorations. They are an aesthetic problem, and not reversible. Once the teeth have broken through the mouth cavity, fluoride can no longer damage the enamel.

Older children and adults

The biggest enemy of tooth health is sugar. Sugar can be broken down by the bacteria in the plaque to acids that attack the enamel and thus lead to tooth decay. Sugar is a carbohydrate and is present in many foods. Hidden sugar is mainly found in baked goods and beverages. Honey also contains a lot of sugar and is also sticky and therefore easily accumulates on the teeth. Instead of sweet fruit juices should rather fresh fruit be enjoyed. This has - as well as uncooked vegetables - the side effect that it stimulates chewing and thus by the harder particles causes a certain cleaning of the teeth and stimulates the chewing organ. At the same time, the saliva secretion is increased, which also contributes to the cleaning of the teeth. For sour fruit juices such as grapefruit or orange juice, however, you should wait ½ hour with brushing your teeth, as the acidity makes the enamel slightly roughened. The saliva smoothes the enamel again during this time. Read also our topic Dental Care

The craving for sweets is a natural need of children. It is very difficult to stop it. Nevertheless, educate the children about the dangers of eating sweet foods. Here kindergartens have a grateful task. Especially sweets at snacks should be avoided. The consumption of chocolate and sweets should not be spread over a longer period, but shortly after each other followed by brushing.

A balanced diet not only serves the whole organism, but also the maintenance of healthy teeth. It should contain the basic nutrients protein, fat and carbohydrates in the right proportions. Also vitamins and minerals should be contained in sufficient quantity. As far as possible, raw foods should be preferred over soft-boiled ones. The sugar consumption should be limited, which especially benefits the teeth.


The diet is essential for the preservation of the organism. On the teeth, however, certain rules should be observed. In addition to the supply of vitamins, especially vitamin D, minerals and the raw materials protein, fat and carbohydrates, the sugar content in the food should be given special attention. Sugar in the oral cavity can be converted by bacteria into aggressive acids that attack the enamel. Consumption of sugary foods should therefore be restricted. Fluoride tablets for children before and after the change of teeth help counteract the development of tooth decay in childhood.

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