Diseases of the diaphragm

introduction

At the diaphragm many different illnesses can occur. These can be harmless symptoms, such as side stitches. However, there are also serious diseases, such as a diaphragmatic phrenic or a diaphragmatic inflammation.
Below is a brief description of the anatomy of the diaphragm and an overview of the most important diseases of the diaphragm with a link to our main article on the disease.

Anatomy of the diaphragm

The diaphragm, which is referred to in the medical terminology as a diaphragm, represents a large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. In appearance, the diaphragm resembles a plate that runs horizontally through our body. The most important function of the diaphragm is the support of breathing. If we breathe in peace, the diaphragm takes over the complete work of breathing. If the diaphragm tightens, inhalation is supported. The diaphragm consists of three muscular parts: the sternum part, the lumbar part and the rib part. Through the diaphragm pass nerves and blood vessels, as well as three important structures. These three structures are the main artery ( aorta ), which pulls from the heart into the abdominal cavity and supplies the organs with blood. Even the antagonist of the aorta, the main vein ( vena cava ), which transports the blood back to the heart, passes through the diaphragm. In addition to these two large vessels, the esophagus, the third important structure, passes through the diaphragm and opens into the stomach, which lies below the diaphragm. Above the diaphragm are the two lungs and on the left side the heart. On the right below the diaphragm the liver nestles, while on the left side the stomach and spleen are located.

Diseases of the diaphragm

Diaphragmatic hernia / diaphragmatic hernia

In a diaphragmatic hernia ( diaphragmatic hernia ) is a weak spot in the diaphragm, which is usually in the range of penetration points (see above). In most cases, a diaphragmatic rupture is located in the area of ​​the esophagus. Due to the weak point then organs from the abdominal cavity, especially intestinal loops, can slide upwards into the thorax. A diaphragmatic hernia may be innate or acquired in the course of life.
Here you will find detailed information about diaphragmatic fracture.

diaphragm inflammation

Diarrheal inflammation is a very rare condition, usually associated with diaphragmatic discomfort, pain and respiratory problems. A sole inflammation of the diaphragm is relatively rare, usually it is caused by an inflammation of the rib or peritoneal membrane, which extends to the diaphragm. If an infection triggers the diaphragmatic inflammation, so-called trichinae are responsible for this. These are roundworms, which are transmitted by rodents or the consumption of raw pork and then spread from the intestine to the diaphragm and can cause inflammation.
Here you will find detailed information on the subject of diaphragmatic inflammation

Zwerchfellhochstand

With a Zwerchfellhochstand the diaphragm arches upwards into the chest space. The cause of a one-sided diaphragmatic elevation is usually the enlargement of an organ of the abdomen, for example, the liver or the spleen, which then pushes the diaphragm upwards. Bilateral diaphragmatic elevation may occur during pregnancy or enlargement / flatulence of the intestine.
Here you will find detailed information on diaphragm high heels.

Understanding COPD (December 2019).


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