Sports and fitness

Welcome to the sports medicine of !
Below you will find an overview of our sites around the topic of strength training, endurance training, fitness & sports injuries.


Strength training according to target musculature

Strength training has different goals. In addition to the maintenance of health and physical fitness, aesthetic reasons also play a decisive role. Below you will find a list of the different strength trainings according to muscle group:

  • Abdominal training
  • back training
  • Armmuskeltraining
  • Leg muscle training
  • Pomuskeltraining
  • Chest muscle training
  • Shoulder muscle training
  • Neck muscle training


Strength training adapted to the physiological condition

A strength training is suitable for everyone. Depending on the field of application and target group, different methods and materials are used. Read more under:

  • Strength training in childhood
  • Strength training in adolescence
  • Strength training for women
  • Strength training for the elderly
  • Functional strength training
  • Strength training without equipment


endurance training

Endurance training includes running, swimming, cycling and much more. For more information on endurance sports, see:

  • How can you improve stamina?
  • Endurance sport in childhood
  • Endurance sports at home
  • The endurance sports


Lose weight

Weight loss is one of the most common reasons for exercising. Learn helpful tips on the way to your desired weight at:

  • Losing weight with sports
  • Endurance sports and fat burning
  • Lose weight
  • Slimming on the stomach
  • Slimming on the thigh
  • Losing weight without hunger


Build muscle mass

Especially in the male target group, muscle building is the primary goal in strength training.
You can find helpful information about muscle building here:

  • Exercises for building muscle
  • Muscle building and anabolic steroids
  • Building muscle and consuming alcohol
  • Elektostimulation
  • Building muscle for the woman


Interactive in the field of sports

How good is your muscle building? Do the self-test: how good is your muscle building training
Or do you like quizzes? Then take our big quiz around the topic of sports


Sport at risk

In various situations, it is important to limit exercise or even to pause, so as not to endanger your own health. Information on this topic can be found at:

  • Sport with cold
  • Sport with cough
  • Sports in osteoarthritis
  • Sports with a knee prosthesis
  • Sports in tooth root inflammation
  • Sport in pregnancy
  • Sport after a vaccination


The most common sports injuries

In sports, it is not uncommon for injuries or after-effects. The most common sports injuries include:

  • aching
  • muscle strain
  • Muskeriss
  • bruises
  • sprains


The diet in sports

Not only sport, but also nutrition makes a great contribution to a healthy lifestyle. On the following pages you will find an overview of nutrition in sports:

  • Nutrition and muscle building
  • The right diet for weight training
  • Calorie consumption during strength training


Dietary supplements

Dietary supplements can be taken to supplement the diet by adding nutrients. Here is a list of the most common supplements:

  • protein shakes
  • amino acids
  • creatine
  • BCAA
  • CLA
  • Weight gainer
  • Supplements to build muscle


From the performance diagnostics

In order to check the success of a training or to test your own performance, various investigations are suitable. Below you will find topics from the field of performance diagnostics & sports medical examination:

  • Ergometrie
  • Endurance performance diagnostics
  • Pulmonary function test
  • spiroergometry
  • fitness test


To the term Konditon

Condition is often equated with stamina. That is wrong. The condition ( Latin for condition ) includes endurance, strength, speed and agility. You can find more about this under: How to build the condition?

More from the field of training

There are a lot of different types of training. Below you will find our articles about the training:

  • altitude training
  • Circuit training
  • overtraining
  • coordination training
  • fitness training
  • training Guidelines
  • EMS training


Stretching properly

Stretching is necessary to prepare the musculature for impending strain and promote flexibility. Here you will find information about stretching:

  • stretching
  • Stretching exercises with sore muscles

Sports medicine - what is it?

definition

Sports medicine deals with the medical issues of exercise and sports.

Sports medicine is a part of medicine and includes theoretical and practical medicine. It deals with athletes as well as untrained people. The athletes are concerned with rehabilitation and prevention after injury or prevention of injury. The effects of sport on the human organism are examined and evaluated in clinical studies in order to obtain the latest knowledge.

For untrained persons, sports medicine is more about determining whether a person is fit for sports or if there are any risks involved in exercising. Sport has many different effects on the human body, which can be different in the untrained than in trained athletes. Sports medicine tries to minimize the risks, so that sports activities are possible for everyone.

Sports medicine also examines the impact of exercise and exercise on the human body at all ages. It is usually the norm in medicine to work on a diagnosis or organ. In sports medicine, this looks different, as it is more interested in the importance of physical activity, health and performance. In particular, the study of the effects of missing movement on the human body is the focus of interest. In general, sports medicine deals with the medical issues of exercise and sports.

What does a sports physician do?

In Germany one may call oneself a sports physician, if after the normal medical education, after the state examination, still further education makes, in which it concerns theoretical and practical knowledge. These include a special knowledge of the functioning of the human body under sports, as well as sports injuries and diagnostic methods. In addition to the knowledge also includes experience that can be collected by looking after clubs or, for example, coronary groups. The official name of the Sports Medicine is issued by the Medical Association and may then be worn as a title. The sports doctor, as the title is also often used colloquially, there is not official, but only in the vernacular.

Generally speaking, the sports physician is a specialist in sports medicine and deals with training and movement of athletes as well as with diagnostics, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. The treatment of sports injuries is the most common cause why to visit a sports physician.

Treatment areas of sports medicine

Sports medicine has different focuses and supplies a large area of ​​medicine. The sports physician provides sports injuries, supervises rehabilitation and ensures prevention. He creates nutrition plans and develops detection methods for drug use. Furthermore, he investigates the influence of exercise or physical inactivity on the health of people and informs the general public about the importance of doing sports.

sports injuries

As a specialist, the sports physician is responsible for the treatment of injuries and illnesses that arise during sports activities, and for the prevention of sports diseases and the care of patients who are currently undergoing rehabilitation after a sports injury. The monitoring of rehabilitation is particularly important here, since false measures can possibly lead to false healing processes.

Sports physicians treat conditions such as the tennis elbow, which are caused by overuse of inflammation of the tissue on the bony protrusion on the outside of the elbow. This can occur especially in monotonous work, such as tennis or table tennis.

Bruises, strains and sprains often occur in team sports, but also in athletics and even more rarely in other sports. These are more "minor" injuries that heal very well and relatively quickly. The sports physician examines the painful area, determines a bruise and prescribes possibly painkillers and otherwise much rest.

Bone fractures are less common in sports medicine, but are usually much worse and usually require a plaster. The healing process is supported here by a rehabilitation, which monitors the sports physician and possibly even performs. Bone fractures occur in high-risk sports, extreme sports and outdoor sports, and team sports.

Other treatment areas are dislocations, which can lead to ligament and tendon injuries in worse cases. Muscle injuries also fall into this pattern. This group of injuries can be very serious and can also lead to an end to the sports career. The tendon injuries are very long and heal only bad, since the tendons of the human body are poorly or not at all perfused. The sports physician localizes the injury and develops a rehabilitation program that suits the patient / athlete and guarantees the best possible recovery.

Investigation of the influence of movement on humans

Another major field of sports medicine is the study of the influence of sport on the body, on sick people, as well as lack of exercise. Sport always causes an adaptation process in the body, which can vary depending on age, gender and performance. The processes that take place in the body are the subject of sports medicine and there are always new discoveries that change and improve exercise and exercise. In the case of sick people, sport can lead to an improvement in the state of health if a sports physician has carefully examined which sport could improve the patient and which sport is more of a risk.

Lack of exercise permanently leads to a worsening of the state of health and can promote the so-called common diseases diabetes and chronic back pain. Here it is important to prevent this development and to create a sports plan. In addition, the sports physician should clearly inform the patient on the risks associated with a further lack of exercise. Sports medicine can therefore also influence the development of common diseases and physical inactivity and increase the general health of the population. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are also included and are treated by sports medicine, but above all also prevented. The new insights, in turn, benefit the sport itself as new insights make sport and movement more secure.

The real meaning of sports medicine is not the performance sport care, but the prevention and health sport. This area refers to recreational and recreational sports, which is growing in Germany. Health and athleticism are increasingly important factors in society. In this context, sports medicine is constantly evolving and gaining new insights. Sports medicine wants to inform people and to inspire and sensitize them to the importance of sport and moving. The goal is to be more involved in sports, as well as a healthier lifestyle and a balanced diet. The positive effects that body and mind experience through sport also increase mental performance, strengthens character and inner peace and balance.

Nutrition and doping

Another field of sports medicine is sports nutrition. These include nutritional plans, dietary supplements and also illegal substances that fall under the term doping. Nutrition plans support the body in the formation of new muscles and support the metabolism. The sports physician creates the plan depending on the athlete's condition, age and sport. As a result, the performance level can still be increased a little bit.

Dietary supplements are mainly used in professional sports. Here it is tried by concentrated nutrients to support the body at the right moment and to guarantee a better development.

On the subject of doping, sports medicine tries to investigate the effects of illegal substances and thus protect the athletes from use. On the other hand, sports medicine is developing methods to detect doping agents, thus restricting their use, as well as convicting doping offenders.

Sports medical examination

These examinations serve to find out if everything is in order with the cardiovascular system, the musculoskeletal system and the entire organism of the patient / athlete. The sports medical examination makes it possible to achieve optimal fitness and reduces health risks.

In addition to the sports medical examination, the sports physician also explains which sports can be performed with a clear conscience and which sports are more of a health risk. Also on the scope of sports, the patient is informed to slowly approach his target fitness level.

The basic examination in sports medicine first includes a medical history in which the patient has to answer questions about his or her life, his / her athletic history, any injuries and complaints and family diseases. So the sports physician tries to get to know the patient as well as possible and thus to ensure a healthy sport.

After the medical history usually follows a survey of the whole body status. These include height, weight, body measurements and a so-called Körperbiometrie. All body data (body fat, water content, muscle composition, bone structure, etc.) are collected to detect and localize any imbalances or misalignments.

A resting ECG allows the sports physician to make targeted statements about the circulatory status. The rest pulse shows how trained an athlete is. The lower the resting heart rate, the better the athlete is trained and the better the heart and circulation work.

If you want to do sports, you should undergo a sports medical examination beforehand to avoid certain risks. As a rule, health insurance companies pay a share of the price of the examination. An extended examination usually costs more than 100 euros, whereas a basic examination for less than 100 euros.

10 English Words for Sports and Fitness (December 2019).


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