The hearing loss describes a generally occurring acute hearing loss of unclear cause. The hearing loss is usually limited to one ear on one ear, but in rare cases can occur on both sides. The hearing loss is characterized by hearing loss, which can vary from mild hearing loss to absolute deafness.
The primary symptoms of sudden hearing loss are acute and subjective hearing loss in one ear. This occurs suddenly, that is within 24 hours. The hearing loss can affect only one, but also several frequencies (pitches).
An ear ringing or so-called ringing in the affected ear (tinnitus) and a feeling of pressure, which can occur in the affected ear, are further symptoms of the hearing loss. Patients usually describe these symptoms as the feeling of hearing everything through an earplug or cotton wool.
Furthermore, dizziness may occur (see: Dizziness due to diseases of the ear). This means that the spatial perception is generally disturbed and you feel that your own body or the space around you would fluctuate.
Also a symptom of an acute hearing loss is a furry feeling around the pinna ( periaural dysaesthesia ). This is described as an anesthetized or " watty " sensation of the skin on the affected ear and the skin around the ear.
Other symptoms of hearing loss and hearing loss include:
A dysakusis is generally understood to mean a lack of hearing. This can be manifested by an inaccurate understanding of texts, words or sounds, but also by a distorted perception of hearing or an increased ( hyperacusis ) or diminished ( hypoacusis ) auditory perception. Likewise, tones on both ears, ie the sick and the healthy, can be perceived differently.
A diploma is understood as a so-called double-tone listening, that is, a double perception of a sound. This happens either through the different perceptions of both ears or the echo-like hearing on the affected ear.
Likewise, directional hearing may be limited. Noise can no longer be assigned to the place of origin, since directional hearing is impaired by the diseased ear.
By secondary symptoms one understands accompanying symptoms, which occur only in the course of the illness. Often, these are first triggered by the disease itself. In the case of acute hearing loss, this includes a limited quality of life due to the hearing impairment. The diminished quality of life is influenced both by the impaired perception of the environment and by the burden of additional symptoms such as tinnitus, dizziness or the feeling of pressure on the ear. Furthermore, an anxiety disorder can occur in the course of a hearing loss. This can be found in the uncertainty about the disease and the restriction in everyday life.
The hearing loss is typically a painless disease, so there is no pain in the affected ear or environment.