The most important therapy for burns and sunburn is early and generous cooling. Cooling reduces swelling and warming, reduces pain and reduces inflammation of the skin.
A good option is the cooling with wet compresses, this tap water can be used without hesitation. The wearing of wet T-shirts or thin cotton pants for burns of the upper body or the legs is a great way of cooling, especially in children. You should moisten the compresses or clothing repeatedly and cool the sunburn for several hours.
Repeated application of after-sun lotions makes sense, because it provides the skin with moisture and fats at the same time and thus improves the skin barrier. Plant gel from the leaves of Aloe vera also cools the skin and helps with regeneration.
For severe pain, painkillers such as diclofenac (Voltaren) or ibuprofen are recommended, as they have an anti-inflammatory and decongestant effect.
Cooling with ice or cool packs from the freezer is not recommended, as the extreme cold can cause further damage to the skin and frostbite. Home remedies such as yoghurt or quark envelopes are also discouraged as the naturally occurring bacteria and fungi can infect the injured skin.