Often there is zinc ointment in home and first aid kits. Zinc ointment has various properties that give it opportunities and limitations in use against various diseases and ailments.

General indications

Zinc ointments offer the possibility of external use of zinc. They contain zinc oxide, which has a wound healing promoting, to a certain extent anti-inflammatory and weakly disinfecting effect. Zinc ointments are used in a variety of ways. In principle, zinc ointment can provide symptomatic support almost everywhere where moisture, the risk of inflammation and wound edges have to be treated.

Zinc ointment is not indicated as a cure for certain diseases, but as a supportive measure to relieve certain symptoms.
Common indications for zinc ointment are therefore minor wounds, injuries and discomfort of the skin.

For example, zinc ointment may be indicated for various skin conditions associated with (too) wet skin, as well as at certain stages of neurodermatitis, herpes, shingles, genital warts, and minor burns.

In addition, it is used in the fight against pimples, blackheads and acne.
In addition, it is known for its healing properties in the so-called diaper dermatitis.
Among the general indications of zinc ointment is also the external application in the anal and genital area in both sexes.

Zinc ointment for pimples and acne

Zinc ointments, as well as the intake of zinc, are often recommended for complaints such as pimples and acne. Due to its properties, the zinc oxide contained in the zinc ointments has a supportive effect on pimples and acne-infested skin.

Provided for the effect of the zinc ointment is a thorough skin cleansing. This plays a big role in pimples and acne. In some cases, the drying effect of the ointment contributes to an improved skin appearance.

However, with already dry skin, it can increase the dryness and make skin problems worse. It is recommended to apply the zinc ointment sparingly and only occasionally to the individual pimples. Dry skin should be left out. At best, the ointment is applied in the evening so that it can work overnight.

If the pimples are not yet superficial, open there, the pimples should not be expressed. It is better to treat them with heat. For example, a facial steam bath can help.
Afterwards, the zinc ointment can be applied. In addition, the active ingredients of zinc ointments can help in so-called pimple paints and mild acne scars. However, the ingredients of the zinc ointments and how they are reacted to individually are decisive.

From experience reports, it is possible that on so-called paraffins short or long term incompatibility may result.
The paraffins include, for example, Cera Microcristallina / Microcristallina Wax, Ceresin, Mineral Oil, Ozokerite, Paraffinium Liquidum and Petrolatum. Some zinc ointments contain herbal ingredients such as tea tree oil, manuka oil and healing clay, which in some cases can contribute to an improved appearance of the skin. But incompatibilities can also exist or develop against these ingredients.

Zinc ointment against blackheads

Even against blackheads, the zinc ointment can be used. In particular, the disinfecting action of zinc oxide contributes to the cure. It delimits the skin around the blackhead so that it can heal. The principles of use are the same as for the treatment of pimples and acne.

Zinc ointment for herpes

HSV type 1 herpesviruses present as itchy, burning, highly contagious blisters on the lips, nose and oral mucosa.
In some cases, the healing process of the blisters can be shortened by zinc ointment.

When applying the zinc ointment, it is important that it is gently applied to the bubbles with a clean, smooth cotton swab. The zinc oxide in the ointment can assist in removing the fluid from the weeping blisters. Moreover, it has an anti-inflammatory and wound healing promoting effect that can also have a positive effect on the cold sore.

However, zinc ointment is not the drug of choice to fight herpes viruses. This means with zinc ointment, the symptoms can be alleviated, but against the cause of the disease, it does not work.
It is important to comply with hygiene regulations to prevent further infections and spreads of herpes viruses.
As medicamentous measures come so-called antivirals such as acyclovir in question.
In case of severe herpesvirus, other complaints or uncertainties should always be consulted with a doctor.

Zinc ointment against genital warts

Genital warts are also known as genital warts or in the jargon as condyloma acuminate. These are benign lesions.
The cause of the genital warts are the so-called papillomaviruses. As a rule, they are transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse.

Again, with a zinc ointment not the cause can be combated, but only in some cases to alleviate the symptoms. Zinc ointments dry out the genital warts, increasing the chance that they will fall off (faster).

In combination with other medications, applying the zinc ointment 2 to 3 times a day to the affected area may be helpful.
It is important to consistently and conscientiously comply with the hygiene regulations to reduce the risk of spreading the virus. A consultation from a doctor is useful.

Zinc ointment for hemorrhoids

The use of zinc ointment can help with so-called hemorrhoids in the anal area. It is important that the person suffering from hemorrhoids is aware of the nature and limitations of the use of zinc ointment.
The use of zinc ointment for hemorrhoids may inhibit the itching. But it is not the method to fight hemorrhoids.

For this, medical sclerotherapy of the hemorrhoids and other measures, depending on the severity, must be undertaken. The zinc ointment may, however, assist in wound healing after the measures have been taken. Here, the zinc ointment should always be applied thinly.

If there are open spots on the anus, the zinc ointment should not be used there. In addition, the ointment must not be introduced into the anal area. This can lead to damage to the intestinal mucosa. The zinc ointment is only suitable for external treatment. If uncertainties should be discussed with the attending physician.

Zinc ointment for atopic dermatitis

Usually, atopic dermatitis treatment is divided into 4 stages. The use of zinc ointment in combination with other measures may help in some treatment stages. It is contraindicated in other stages of treatment as it may aggravate the symptoms.

In stage 1 of atopic dermatitis treatment the skin is mostly dry. At this stage, it is necessary to take prophylactic measures to prevent an eczema outbreak. That is, all actions and remedies that dehydrate the skin should be prevented.
Accordingly, the zinc ointment is contraindicated due to its drying effect in the prophylactic treatment stage.

In the second stage of the treatment of atopic dermatitis occurring dermatitis should be alleviated by weakly dosed drugs. In most cases, low-concentration cortisone preparations are used. In an acute episode, zinc ointment may help to relieve the symptoms.

In stage 3 of atopic dermatitis treatment, the symptoms are more pronounced and accordingly the drugs are administered in higher doses.
In case of weeping eczema, a zinc ointment may be helpful here.

In stage 4, in addition to the local drugs, oral systemic agents are often advisable.
Here, too, a properly applied zinc ointment in combination with other measures may be useful in the case of an acute episode with oozing eczema.

Atopic dermatitis treatment should always look at and encompass various aspects and be individually oriented. Accordingly, the additional use of zinc ointment in this context is not generally recommended or generally contraindicated.

Zinc ointment against scars

For smaller, fresher scars, for example in the context of acne, the use of zinc ointment may possibly support. It may also be prophylactic on scars in some cases. However, scar tissue is usually characterized as having less water than healthy skin. Therefore, a zinc ointment is usually contraindicated in these cases.

It is advisable to consult the treating physician regarding scar treatment. Furthermore, it is possible to get a ergo or physiotherapeutic scar treatment via a prescription. The therapist can then individually respond to the particular condition of the scar and perform scar treatment. In addition, these professionals may additionally guide you to effective, independent scar treatment.

Zinc ointment for shingles

The colloquial shingles is a viral disease.
With zinc ointment you can not treat the cause. However, zinc ointment can relieve the itching in the context of shingles.
In addition, the wound edges can be treated with the ointment.

Zinc ointment against athlete's foot

In some cases, certain zinc ointments may be beneficial against athlete's foot. The ointment can not fight the cause. For recurrent and non-healing athlete's foot, a doctor should be consulted. Appropriate, effective treatment should be discussed with this at best.

Zinc ointment for burns

Easier burns can be treated with home remedies. In severe burns and uncertainties should always be consulted a doctor.
For all types of burns, a zinc ointment is usually less indicated and in some cases highly contraindicated. In the foreground is effective cooling. This can be done with the help of cooling pads, quark wrap or cooling ointments, for example with aloe vera.

Zinc ointment on a sore butt

If the sore butt is due to moisture, topical application of zinc ointment may have a soothing and protective effect. As with the diaper rash mentioned above, the zinc ointment attracts water and provides a kind of barrier against feces and urine.
In wet, sore buttocks, it is important to provide as much air as possible, so that the butt can dry and heal.
As with the treatment of hemorrhoids, the ointment may only be used externally, otherwise it damages the intestinal mucosa.

Application of zinc ointment in open wounds

Zinc ointment may only be used on wetting wounds. Here it is especially important to have the wound thoroughly cleaned beforehand. When joining the wound, a sterile wound compress should be used at best.
For deep and bleeding wounds, as well as larger or more complex wounds, zinc ointment may not be applied. Application of the ointment could worsen the symptoms and possibly lead to complications. In case of uncertainties, a doctor should always take a look at the wound.

Zinc ointment after a tattoo

On a normal healing tattoo, zinc ointments, as well as Bebe®, Penatencreme®, skin lotion or other disinfecting ointments are contraindicated. Should wet skin problems develop, a zinc ointment may be helpful. This should be best discussed with a doctor.

Use of zinc ointment in the genital area

The use of zinc ointment in the genital area, regardless of gender, can only relieve symptoms and not fight the cause of the discomfort. In both sexes, the zinc ointment is only suitable for external treatment.

It can relieve itching and burning pain in the vaginal area and around the testicles and penis. It can support impure, irritated or slightly injured skin in both sexes, for example through shaving, during regeneration.

In the case of women, the zinc ointment is only suitable for the superficial treatment of the groin region and the outer labia. Accordingly, the zinc ointment in men is only suitable for the treatment of the inguinal region and the male external sex organs. In addition, irritation may occur after the sexual intercourse, which in some cases heals faster by external treatment with a zinc ointment.

If there is a suspicion of inflammation caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi, it is essential to consult a doctor. If in doubt, it is recommended to always seek advice from a medical specialist.
Embarrassment in this case is human, but not necessary. For medical professionals, the well-being and health of the patients is in the foreground, no matter what illness or restriction it is.

Application of zinc ointment

Zinc ointment is versatile in appearance.

When used properly and in compliance with the package leaflet, it can support healing processes for various skin complaints.
Interactions and side effects should be taken seriously when used. It is important to use zinc ointment only for certain indications. It should be kept in the application to the general indications.

Since the ointment dries out the skin, it should always be applied sparingly and selectively. A large-scale application should be avoided at all costs. Always clean the skin before applying.

The ointment should only be applied with a clean cotton swab or clean hands. The application should never be done with pressure, but always gentle and gentle. The hands should always be thoroughly cleaned after use.

The ointment should be stored at room temperature and out of the reach of children. In case of occurring or permanent complaints or doubts, a doctor should always be consulted.

Side effects of zinc ointment

Dehydration of the skin, reddening and thickening of the skin have been observed as common side effects with the use of zinc ointments.

Undesirable effects refer to the internal use of zinc supplements. Overdose may cause headache, metal taste on the tongue, fatigue and nausea and vomiting. In addition, it has been reported that the application of zinc ointments to severely inflamed areas of the skin can cause burning pain.

Interactions of zinc ointment

When using zinc ointment, other skin remedies should not be applied to the same place at the same time. This could cause a reduced effect of the other agents.
This is especially true for agents that form compounds with the zinc salts. These include dithranol, salicylic acid and 8-quinolinol sulfate.

Use of zinc ointment in pregnancy

During pregnancy, the use of zinc ointment should be discussed with the attending gynecologist.

If intolerances or allergies to zinc, zinc salts, zinc sulfate or zinc oxide are already known, an alternative treatment option should be considered.
When breastfeeding, the ointment should not be applied to the nursing breast to prevent the infant from swallowing some of the ointment.

Application of zinc ointment to the baby

Some babies tend to develop a so-called diaper rash. This is a rash that develops due to wearing diapers. Specifically, due to the wet posture of the baby who can not sufficiently dry under the diaper.

Consequently, the baby's skin may become sore and inflamed. In addition, the warm-humid environment causes the risk of infection increases. Zinc ointment can help because of its properties. It pulls the moisture out of the skin. In addition, it forms a protective film on the skin and thus a certain barrier for urine and feces.

Active substance and effect of zinc ointment

In zinc ointments, the water-insoluble zinc oxide is included. According to the German Pharmacopoeia (DAB), a zinc ointment should consist of 10 parts of zinc oxide and 90 parts of so-called wool wax alcohol ointment.

The ointment usually has a whitish color. At room temperature it has a soft consistency. The zinc oxide has a low disinfecting, anti-inflammatory, astringent, drying and healing effect.

The drying effect arises from the fact that zinc ointment can absorb water. This can have a positive effect, for example in the case of wet blisters.
If the skin is already dry, however, it may worsen the appearance of the skin.

Some zinc ointments contain various additives. Often there is also cod liver oil in the ointments. Cod liver oil contains vitamin A, which has a positive effect on the regeneration of the skin.
Zinc has a high fat content which reduces skin retraction. This allows the zinc ointment to protectively cover the affected skin area. The zinc oxide in the ointment forms soluble zinc salts on the skin. These have a slightly disinfecting and astringent effect.

In the treatment of wound edges one makes use of this. As a rule, the zinc ions only penetrate deeper skin layers when the skin is relatively intact. Intake into the bloodstream is usually low.
For severely damaged skin or open wounds, zinc uptake into the bloodstream may be higher. Intoxications and overdoses of zinc ointment are not directly known. As alternatives to zinc ointments there are zinc creams and zinc pastes.

Price of zinc ointment

The price of zinc ointments is very different. The price range extends from a few euros to over 25 euros. It is crucial to pay attention to the additional ingredients in the ointments. Depending on discomfort and tolerability, different zinc ointments may be indicated. It is recommended to get advice from a doctor.

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