Synonyms

Diazepam

Also read:

  • Valium®

Side effects

One of the effects desired in some indications, namely sedation, can of course also become an undesirable side effect and manifest as drowsiness, heaviness and fatigue. It is therefore very important to point out to the patient that taking Valium® (Valium® side effects) there is an impairment of the ability to react, so active participation in road traffic (driving a car, etc.) is strongly discouraged.
Another side effect of Valium® (Valium® side effects) can - especially in older patients - be the so-called paradoxical effect with restlessness and insomnia. The same phenomenon often occurs when withdrawal occurs in the case of benzodiazepine addiction, here it is referred to as the rebound effect.
An anterograde (that is, from a certain point in time forward running) Amnesia can also occur as a side effect. New events or content are therefore not adequately saved. However, if it occurs at all, it usually only lasts for a short period of time (Valium® side effects).

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Contraindications

Valium® (diazepam) - like all other benzodiazepines - should not be taken during pregnancy, as it can lead to developmental disorders of the fetus. When their mother takes benzodiazepines, newborns often suffer from so-called floppy infant syndrome (also: floppy child syndrome) with shortness of breath, Muscle weakness and low temperature (Valium® side effects).

Interactions

While taking Benzodiazepines (Valium®) should be the Alcohol consumption urgently be avoided, as otherwise the effect of the medication may be intensified, which, among other things, may lead to massive Respiratory depression leads. The same can apply to drugs that also have a depressant effect on the CNS; here, too, the effect can be massively amplified and very dangerous. These include, for example Neuroleptics, Antidepressants, Anticonvulsants and Anesthetics.
There Valium® (Diazepam) via certain enzymes of the liver (Cytochrome P450 complex, in short: CYP enzymes) is broken down, and there are many other drugs that inhibit these enzymes (repression) or activation (induction) interact, a medical history (Inquire about all medications the patient is taking) before prescription of Valium® (Diazepam). If necessary, the dose must then either be adjusted or a prescription dispensed with entirely (Valium® side effects).

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Intoxication / poisoning with Valium

Benzodiazepines (Valium®) are often misused for attempted suicide. In the event of an overdose, symptoms of poisoning can occur as a side effect, which are primarily expressed in an excessive expression of the actual effects.
Only in Combination with alcohol or other central damping substances a relevant respiratory depression (respiratory arrest) occurs. In the event of an overdose, as Antidote ("Antidote") Flumazenil administered. However, its short half-life of around one hour must be taken into account. To ensure adequate antagonization (inhibiting effect) of the overdosed benzodiazepine, it must be given in at regular intervals until the benzodiazepine is also sufficiently eliminated from the body (see Valium® side effects).


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